disposal of excess spoil from coal mining and surface mining


30 CFR 701 5 Definitions US Law LII Legal Information

ii All existing surface and underground coal mining operations of disposing of excess spoil or coal mine waste generated by surface coal mining operations

An Investigation of How Surface Coal Mining Affects Water Quality

7 Dec 2010 site and at the processing and waste disposal facilities Block Thurston and Dang 28 29 The most common Before surface coal mining the waste rock or spoil was left in pile around the mined out area In hilly standards for excess soil disposal for steep slope or mountaintop mining The problem is nbsp

How are waste materials managed at mine sites MiningFacts org

Overburden Overburden includes the soil and rock that is removed to gain access to the ore deposits at open pit mines The major environmental impacts from waste disposal at mine sites can be divided into two categories the loss of productive land following its conversion to a waste storage area and the introduction of nbsp

Department of the Interior US Government Publishing

12 Dec 2008 Excess Spoil Coal Mine Waste and Buffers for Perennial rule requires that surface coal mining operations be D Section 780 35 Disposal of Excess Spoil Surface damages to the land the soil the wildlife and the

Memoranda of Understanding Surface Coal Mining

These three types of excess spoil disposal and underground development Surface coal mining operations whose associated excess spoil fills in waters of the

Coal Mine Waste Practice Paper

inspired industry response to examine current mine planning and spoiling practices along with other measures to The paper provides examples of modifications to waste management practices at coal mining operations in All of the currently operating western Canadian coal mines are open pit mines located in the

Effect of opencast mining on soil fertility

Mine soil characteristics of the dumps are compared with those of unmined soil and Every million tonne of coal extracted by surface mining methods damages a The period between initial removal of the topsoil and final laying of the same over in soil microbes induced by stockpiling and excessive leaching Table 1

WV Coal Surface Mining Rule 38 CSR 2 WV Department of

Act means the West Virginia Surface Coal Mining and Reclamation Act W Va Compaction means the densification of a soil or soil like material by means of Excess Spoil means overburden material disposed of in a location other than

30 CFR 816 71 How must I dispose of excess spoil

3 Ensure that the final surface configuration of the fill is suitable for You may dispose of coal mine waste in excess spoil fills only if approved by the

30 CFR 701 5 Definitions US Law LII Legal Information

ii All existing surface and underground coal mining operations Excess spoil means spoil material permanently disposed of within the permit area in a This term does not include water in soil horizons that are temporarily saturated by

Federal Register Stream Protection Rule

20 Dec 2016 Section 816 74 What special requirements apply to the disposal of excess spoil on a preexisting bench 32 Section 816 79 What measures must I take to protect underground mines in the vicinity of my surface mine 33 Section 816 81 How must I dispose of coal mine waste 34 Section 816 83 What nbsp

Did President Trump Make It Legal to Dump Coal Mining Waste

6 Feb 2017 Did President Trump Make It Legal to Dump Coal Mining Waste Into Streams seams material known as excess spoil into streams near surface mining and when mixed with groundwater surface water and soil may have that the 1983 rule is an outright prohibition on the disposal of excess spoil

How Coal Works Union of Concerned Scientists

Surface mining is employed when the coal seam is located much closer to the the coal first requires clearing the vegetation and soil from the immediate surface Mountaintop Removal Mining Source Ohio Valley Environmental Coalition and uses the excess heat from that process to generate additional electricity via

Overburden Wikipedia

In mining overburden is the material that lies above an area that lends itself to economical exploitation such as the rock soil and ecosystem that lies above a coal seam or ore body Overburden is distinct from tailings the material that remains after economically valuable components have been extracted from the generally nbsp

Committee Potential Human Health Effects of Surface Coal Mining

19 Jan 2017 This included drafting regulations outfitting staff with technical equipment and performing technical evaluations of a wide range of health and safety issues regarding coal mining and reclamation such as water quality slope stability excess spoil and coal waste disposal blasting revegetation bonding nbsp

Glossary of Mining Terms Kentucky Coal

Adit A nearly horizontal passage from the surface by which a mine is Backfill – Mine waste or rock used to support the roof after coal removal It is also applied to an atmosphere depleted of oxygen rather than having an excess of carbon in surface mining to remove overburden layers of rock and soil covering a

chapter 90 coal refuse disposal Pennsylvania Code

The term includes underground development wastes coal processing wastes excess spoil but does not mean overburden from surface mining activities Coal refuse disposal The storage placement or disposal of coal refuse The term includes engineered features integral to the placement of the coal refuse including nbsp

Soil Reclamation of Abandoned Mine Land by

control visual improvement and removal of threats to human beings Wong 2003 biological soil properties due to surface mining and also their management with a purpose those contain a significant amount of pyritic S in excess of their neutralizers Maiti and Ghose 2005 while working on restoration of acidic coal

Mountaintop Mining Valley Fills in Appalachia Final Programmatic

1 Oct 2005 by the size and location of excess spoil disposal sites in valley fills within the Appalachian study area in West Virginia Mountaintop mining refers to coal mining by surface methods e g contour mining area mining and surface coal mining in Appalachian where excess spoil disposal occurs

350 270 Disposal of coal combustion by products at surface coal

Permitting process Requirements for disposal Authority for administrative regulations 1 The cabinet may issue a permit under this chapter authorizing the disposal of coal combustion by products at surface coal mining operations 2 This section shall apply to the disposal of waste from burning clean oil or gas with

Bill Moyers Journal MOUNTAINTOP MINING PBS

7 Sep 2007 Surface mining accounts for an increasing share of the coal mined in the United States The proposed new rule codifies the 2004 buffer zone proposals and according to THE NEW YORK TIMES quot seems specifically to authorize the disposal of 39 excess spoil fills 39 a k a mine waste in hollows and streams quot

Record of Decision Stream Protection Rule OSMRE

14 Dec 2016 Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement mention placement of excess spoil and coal mine waste in or within 100 feet of streams excess spoil fills and coal waste disposal facilities with flat decks on top

Coal Resource Development Red Lodge Clearinghouse

6 Oct 2010 Any excess overburden that remains after the mined area is completely backfilled is deposited in a fill or disposal area Redistributes the topsoil and The amount of spoil available to backfill an open pit mine may not be sufficient to replace the large coal seams extracted from such mines Thus operators nbsp

Mine site rehabilitation – laying geotechnical UQ eSpace

The means of disposal and storage of mining and mineral processing wastes largely dictate the geotechnical foundations for on large hard rock open pits large black coal strip mines and shallow bauxite strip mines and the wastes dumped by dragline and or haul truck in the preceding strip to form spoil piles As the nbsp

permitting handbook WV Department of Environmental Protection

24 Jan 2017 The West Virginia Surface Coal Mining and Reclamation Act 22 3 and the West Virginia Surface Mining Reclamation Regulations 38CSR2 are available for you to read or print directly from the control excess spoil disposal and haulage ways for mining operations in West Virginia which have been nbsp

WV Coal Surface Mining Rule 38 CSR 2 WV Department of

Abandoned Coal Waste Disposal Area means any coal refuse disposal area Act means the West Virginia Surface Coal Mining and Reclamation Act W Va Excess Spoil means overburden material disposed of in a location other than the

Why Trump just killed a rule restricting coal companies from Vox

16 Feb 2017 Mountaintop removal mining An explosive is detonated at an A amp G Coal Corporation surface mining operation in the Appalachian Mountains on April that allows mining through streams and the construction of excess spoil fills and coal mine waste disposal facilities in perennial and intermittent streams

Mountaintop Mining Background on Current Controversies

20 Apr 2015 EPA 39 s 2011 veto of a CWA permit that had been issued by the Corps for a surface coal mining project in All types of surface and underground coal mining in Appalachia generate excess spoil fills due to Disposal of excess overburden associated with mountaintop removal mining has generally been

The Office of Surface Mining 39 s Stream Protection

11 Jan 2017 On July 16 2015 the Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement Excess Spoil Fills and Coal Mine Waste Disposal Facilities Mining to prevent the variety of other damages to the land the soil the wildlife

Coal Controversy In Appalachia Feature Articles

21 Dec 2007 In Appalachia coal operators are removing the tops of mountains and burying hundreds of miles of streams with rock waste as they mine coal seams hundreds of feet below the mountain top

Memoranda of Understanding Surface Coal Mining Section 404 of

The phrase quot surface coal mining operations resulting in the placement of excess spoil fills in the waters of the United States is intended to apply generally to any mountaintop mines which These three types of excess spoil disposal and underground development waste fills occur by regulatory definition on quot steep slopes

Federal Register Stream Protection Rule

20 Dec 2016 We the Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement environmental protection and the Nation 39 s need for coal as a source of energy Section 779 21 What information on soils must I include in my permit application must I provide concerning the minimization and disposal of excess spoil

The Office of Surface Mining 39 s Proposed Stream Protection Rule An

1 Feb 2016 Mining Activities In or Near Streams Including Excess Spoil Fills and Coal Mine the extraction of coal and related activities the management and disposal of mining wastes and 28 Department of the Interior Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement Excess Spoil Coal Mine Waste nbsp

Basic Information about Surface Coal Mining in

6 Oct 2016 Surface coal mining in the steep terrain of the central Appalachian as excess spoil disposal areas or colloquially known as head of hollow

Stream Protection Rule U S Department of the Interior

3 Feb 2016 Coal mining operations continue to have adverse impacts on streams fish and for the creation and disposal of excess spoil and coal mine waste hydrology surface runoff management stream restoration soils and

Coal Resource Development Red Lodge

6 Oct 2010 Coal mining in the U S is regulated under the Surface Mining Mining Chapter 6 – Controlling the impacts of Excess Soil Disposal and

Waste Management BHP Billiton

Caval Ridge Coal Mine Project – Environmental Impact Statement Page 14 1 Receiving environments such as land air surface water and groundwater ▫ fencing Refill any excavations and spread any excess soil over the nearby area and Excess waste will be disposed of in the Heyford Pit spoil dump on site lt 2 t

Lawriter OAC 1501 13 9 09 Disposal of coal mine wastes and

a Minimize adverse effects of leachate and surface water runoff on surface and ground water quality and quantity b Ensure mass stability and 6 Disposal in excess spoil fills Coal mine waste may be disposed of in excess spoil fills in accordance with paragraph J of rule 1501 13 9 07 of the Administrative Code